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What is Ransomware? A Complete Overview


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Before going any further, look at this video in which our cybersecurity specialists explain the various cyber threats.


What is Ransomware?

Ransomware is a type of malware. Ransomware means that the attacker may lock up your computer, usually via an infected mail link or a Trojan Horse assault, and demand payment in exchange for giving control of your system back to you.

Some of the variants of ransomware will make you think that something is wrong with your computer and make you pay for it.

One of the prevalent tactics is claiming that something has infected your computer in banner advertising. Often, you will at least have rudimentary system management, so the only real problem is that you have to manage these frequent pop-ups until you find a means to get rid of the malware.

A much more aggravating type of ransomware would completely lock your computer and prevent you from logging into your operating system unless you pay.

The worst type of ransomware is the one that not only locks your device but also encrypts your files and does not provide you with the keys to decrypt them unless you pay. 

Another unsurprising issue with cybercriminals is that they are not very trustworthy, and many people have reported not receiving their files back even after paying the ransom.

The ransomware decrypt tool is a decryption key provided by the hacker after the payment of the ransom.

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History of Ransomware Attacks

Malware has been around since the dawn of the internet; in short, malware is software created for malicious purposes. Malware spreads to computers via spam emails, misleading links, fake software updates, and through exploiting vulnerabilities in the web browser and popular software.

About a decade ago, a new and particularly sinister type of malware called ransomware emerged. In 2005, Russian criminals created the first ransomware, detected as Trojan Crysis.

It was a rudimentary parasite that zipped and password-protected a user’s files, and the ransom note would be found on the user’s desktop.

In 2012, ransomware attacks spread across Europe and North America, masquerading as government enforcement warnings accusing victims of piracy and terrorism. The victims were then encouraged to pay a $200 fee or face criminal prosecution.

In 2013, ransomware creators were already extorting more than three million dollars from their victims each year.

Then CryptoLocker was introduced, and the stakes quickly doubled. CryptoLocker represents a new kind of malware that encrypts user photographs, papers, and other personal information using a secret key that is unique to each user. The decryption key is restored only after paying the ransom to the criminals.

On January 10, 2015, the FBI issued an official statement stating that ransomware attacks are on the rise, highlighting that a new ransomware strain, CryptoWall, is encrypting user data and demanding between $200 and $5,000 in Bitcoin to restore the data.

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How does Ransomware Attacks Work?

Now that we know what a ransomware attack is. Let us dive further to know how ransomware attacks work. There are many vectors through which ransomware would get access to a computer. One of which is phishing:


Types of Ransomware Attacks

Types of ransomware attacks

There are primarily three different types of ransomware that have held victims hostage and forced them to oblige to the ransom demands. The types of ransomware are listed below:

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Ransomware Examples

Here are some ransomware examples listed:


Popular Ransomware Attacks

WannaCry Ransomware

Let us talk about the ransomware virus attack that caused data breach on a large scale.

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Ransomware Removal Techniques

If you believe you have been the victim of a ransomware assault, you must act fast. Nevertheless, there are many actions you can take to offer yourself the best chance of reducing harm and swiftly resuming normal operations.

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Ransomware Protection Tips

Ransomware protection is the first step to defend an attack. There are actions that you can take to help safeguard your computer and devices from ransomware infiltration. Here is a list of things to keep in mind:



Ransomware, in all of its forms and permutations, is a huge danger to both ordinary users and businesses. This emphasizes the importance of keeping an eye on the threat and being prepared for any eventuality. As a result, it is critical to educate yourself about ransomware, be mindful of how you use gadgets, and install the finest protection software.

Having doubts? Shoot them right away to our Cyber Security community!

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