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What is Electric Vehicle?

Amusing Fact

The topics to be coated in this blog are:

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It’s time to break the ice and get to know everything about Electric Vehicles..

What is an Electric Vehicle?

What is an Electric Vehicle

History of Electric Vehicle

History of Electric Vehicle

We know you have a lot of questions on your mind, we have tried to answer them for you, just have a look!!

Inventors in Hungary, the Netherlands, the UK, and the US began concentrating their efforts on fusing technological advancements to produce a powered motor vehicle as early as the 1830s. Although this is debatable, many believe the first small-scale electric cars were developed between 1828 and 1832.

created the first electric vehicle

William Morrison, a chemist from Des Moines, Iowa, created the first “practical” electric vehicle in the US. Morrison’s car was a traditional horse-drawn Surrey carriage that was popular in America in the 19th century and had been modified to accommodate a battery. With a top speed of 32 km/h (20 mph), Morrison’s electric carriage could accommodate a maximum of 12 passengers.

So, what did it look like??

Like this? Umm.. probably not!

This is what the First Ever Electric Vehicle looked like.. Astonishing, right?

Although his car was barely not more than an electrified wagon, it stimulated people’s interest in electric cars.

The revolution of Electric Vehicles started revolving in the early 1900s itself, let’s see how!!

Now that we have discussed the history of Electric Vehicles, let us now classify them.

Types of Electric Vehicles

To meet various driving requirements, there are three different types of electric vehicles. They come in three varieties: all-electric, plug-in hybrid electric, and fuel cell electric.

All-Electric Vehicles

Instead of using gasoline, all-electric vehicles (also known as EVs or BEVs) have a sizable battery that powers one or more electric motors. As new models are released, all-electric vehicle ranges increase from 80 to more than 300 miles. When compared to gas-powered vehicles, all-electric vehicles require less maintenance (such as oil changes, smog checks, spark plug changes, and replacing a catalytic converter or other parts that wear out and break down).

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) provide both gas-only and electric-only driving—even at relatively high speeds. Plug-in hybrids can travel 20 to 55 miles on electricity alone and emit no emissions while doing so, and they do so with smaller batteries than battery electric vehicles. When the car’s electric range is exhausted, it switches to gas and continues to operate as a typical car would.

Electric vehicles with fuel cells

All-electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles use electricity to power their engines, but fuel cell electric vehicles (also known as FCEVs) use electricity differently. Its power system is made up of a stack of numerous cells that chemically combine hydrogen gas from the car’s tank and airborne oxygen to create electricity.

Fuel cells have a driving range of 300–400 miles on a single tank and can be refueled at hydrogen fueling stations, which are more prevalent in California. This process takes about five minutes.

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Working Principles of Different Electrical Vehicles

We will be discussing the principles on which every EV moves, let’s begin with:

For the electric motor, power is converted from the DC battery to AC.

The accelerator pedal sends a signal to the controller, which changes the frequency of the AC power from the inverter to the motor to adjust the vehicle’s speed.

The motor is coupled to and rotates the wheels through a cog.

When the brakes are applied or the electric vehicle is decelerating, the motor transforms into an alternator and generates power, which is then returned to the battery.

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It has a fuel tank similar to a regular car that supplies gas to the engine.

A set of batteries powering an electric motor is also present.

The transmission can be turned by both the engine and the electric motor at the same time.

PHEVs typically start in electric-only mode and continue to run on electricity until their battery pack runs out. At highway cruising speed, which is typically greater than 60 or 70 miles per hour, some models switch to hybrid mode. When the battery is completely depleted, the engine takes over and the car starts to function like a regular, non-plug-in hybrid.

Components of an Electric Vehicle

Components of an Electric Vehicle

The auxiliary battery powers the vehicle’s accessories when it has an electric drive.

To charge the traction battery pack, the vehicle can attach to a charging cable using the charge port.

The DC/DC converter, which is used to operate the vehicle’s accessories and recharge the auxiliary battery, converts higher-voltage DC power from the traction battery pack into lower-voltage DC power.

The wheels of the vehicle are propelled by an electric traction motor, which draws energy from the traction battery pack.Motor generators that are both drives and regenerators are used by some automobiles.

The traction battery is charged using the onboard charger, which transforms incoming AC power from the charge port into DC power.

To charge the traction battery, the onboard charger converts incoming AC power from the charge port to DC power.

Additionally, while the pack is being charged, it keeps track of battery characteristics like the voltage, current, temperature, and state of charge by communicating with the charging apparatus.

Controlling the electric traction motor’s speed and torque, the power electronics controller regulates the flow of electrical energy supplied by the traction battery.

This system maintains a safe operating temperature range for the engine, electric motor, power electronics, and other parts.

Electricity is stored in the traction battery pack, which the traction motor will use.

The electric traction motor drives the wheels by transferring mechanical energy through the transmission.

How does an Electric Vehicle Work?

How does an Electric Vehicle Work?

How does the electrical motor in a car operate?

How is charging carried out?

Features of Electric Cars

Electric vehicles are exciting, economical, quiet, and comfortable. Due to the electric motor’s smaller size compared to an internal combustion engine, interior spaces are spacious, and driving is quiet. There is no need to grind gears because torque, or pulling power, is available instantly. Top speeds also exceed legal limits. All electric vehicles are automatic and feature the amenities we expect in high-end vehicles.

Additional desirable features found in many electric car models include touchscreens, high-resolution intelligent displays, automatic wipers, and lights, automatic 30-minute rapid charging, park assist cameras, quirky designs, and environmentally friendly parts.


Low Cost of Maintenance

Because they have fewer moving parts than internal combustion vehicles, electric cars require very little maintenance. Compared to conventional petrol or diesel vehicles, electric vehicles require less maintenance. They store the electricity in rechargeable batteries and use them to power an electric motor that turns the wheels.

As a result, the annual cost of operating an electric vehicle is very low.

Electric vehicles are quieter than conventional vehicles because of their lower noise emissions.

Electric cars are simple to operate and quiet

Electric cars are very convenient to drive and don’t have gears. Only the accelerator, brake, and steering are controlled. Simply plug your vehicle into a home or public charger to charge it. Electric vehicles are quieter than conventional vehicles because of their lower noise emissions.

As there is no engine under the hood, electric vehicles can operate in silence. A silent vehicle has no engine. The electric motor operates so quietly that you have to look into your instrument panel to see if it is turned on. To make electric vehicles safe for pedestrians because they are so silent, manufacturers have to add fake sounds to them.


Although the benefits have become abundantly clear, there are some drawbacks that each person should take into account before deciding to make an electric car their next significant investment. These factors include:

The development of electric fueling stations is still in its early stages. If you’re on a long trip or decide to visit family in a rural or suburban area and run out of charge, it might be harder to find a charging station. This is because not many places you visit daily will have electric fueling stations for your vehicle. You may be stranded.

If you don’t carefully weigh your options, electric cars may also be an inconvenience for your energy bill. If you haven’t done your homework on the electric vehicle you want to buy, you might be making a bad investment.

While filling up your gasoline-powered car only takes a few minutes, fully charging an electric vehicle can take up to a day.

The majority of electric vehicles on the market today are small and only seat two people. They are not intended for the whole family, and adding a third person can make the trip a little uncomfortable for the other two travelers.


The era of electric vehicles has arrived! The manufacturing businesses are working harder to switch from conventional to electric vehicles. Owning an electric car with the proper infrastructure and functionality has a lot of advantages. With so many benefits, this year might be the time to buy a battery-powered car. Consider going electric!

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