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What is Electric Vehicle Controller?

Checking out a few of the statistical data on electric vehicles in India. The government of India has set a target of 30% electric vehicles on Indian roads by 2030. To achieve this target, the government has announced several incentives for electric vehicles. Such as tax breaks and subsidies. The adoption of electric vehicles is still in its early stages in India but is growing rapidly. In 2021, the sale of electric vehicles in India grew by 200%.

This data shows the hidden potential of electric vehicles in India. That is why we are here to uncover the concept of controllers in electric vehicles. 

Table of Contents: 

Learn more about Electric Vehicles through our Youtube video on

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What is an Electric Vehicle Controller?

Increasing concerns regarding climate change have encouraged the adoption of electric vehicles. Electric vehicles offer low carbon emissions, a minimum dependency on non-renewable resources, and promote innovation in the automotive sector. 

Hence, the need to learn more about EVs is the need of the hour. By the definition of electric vehicle controller (EVC), it is a combination of a powertrain control unit (PCU) and driver control unit (DCU) used between various electrical and mechanical components of an electric vehicle. 

The functioning of the EVC is similar to that of a carburettor in a gasoline-powered vehicle. The electric vehicle controller controls various tasks, including:

Enrol in our Electric Vehicle Designing course and be an ace in the automotive sector. 

How Does an Electric Vehicle Controller Work?

Below, we have deciphered the complex workings of an EV controller into simple words:

Fill your knowledge bucket with our blogs. Check out our blog on Types of Electric Vehicles

Electric Vehicle Motor Vs. Electric Vehicle Controller

Both an electric vehicle motor and an electric vehicle controller share the goal of moving and propelling electric vehicles into the future. But these two terms are very common, but their functioning is poles apart:

Parameters Electric Vehicle Motor Electric Vehicle Controller
Function It is used to generate mechanical power to drive the vehicle It is used to control and manage the power flow throughout the electric vehicle
Role Electric vehicle motor converts electrical energy into mechanical motion It governs the various operations carried out within the electric vehicle
Mechanism It utilizes electromagnetic fields to create motion It uses the algorithmic approach to regulate power distribution
Components Various components included stator, rotor, windings, and bearings It consists of microcontroller, sensors, and power electronics
Operation Attributes It focuses on torque, speed, and efficiency It majorly focuses on power distribution, battery state management, and regenerative
Direct impact on Vehicle It determines the performance, acceleration, and top speed of the vehicle It enhances efficiency, range, and battery life
Performance Influences Efficiency, power output, driving experience Efficiency, range, and regenerative braking
Innovation and Evolution Advancements in magnet technology and cooling systems Enhanced algorithms and better power management
Adaptability and Customization Motors are tailored for specific vehicle types Controllers are adaptable across various EV models

Want to start your career in the field of the electric automotive industry? Check out more through our blog on Career Opportunities in Electric Vehicle Industry

What are the Components of an EV Controller?

To understand electric vehicle controllers well, it is essential to have an in-depth knowledge of the various components of EV controllers. 

To make you understand these components better, we will relate all these components to the human body. 

Below mentioned are the different types of EV controller components:

Learn more about the Top Electric Vehicle Companies in India.

Types of Electric Vehicle Controllers

EV enthusiasts assemble! Below mentioned are the major types of electric vehicle controllers. Go through the points to learn more about them:

A note for the readers: You need to choose an EVC that fits your vehicle requirements. Otherwise, the controller will not be cost-effective and unable to meet your requirements.

Check out our blog to learn more about the Types of Motors in Electric Vehicles.

How Do We Choose an Electric Vehicle Controller?

Selecting a suitable electric vehicle controller is a very important and daunting task. We present you the parameters that you should consider while choosing the one. 

What are the Advantages of Using EV Controllers?

In recent years we have seen how these electric vehicles have helped modern humankind. Similarly, because of the multitude offered by the EVCs, we can achieve a certain level of efficiency. Let’s look at what advantageous factors EVCs have provided us. 

Electric Vehicle Controller Industry Trends

The electric automotive industry is expected to grow exponentially in the coming years. Here are some survey and statistical data on the electric automotive industry’s future in India:

“The Indian government has set a target of 30% electric vehicles by 2030.” 

“According to a report compiled by the Rocky Mountain Institute, India could have 100 million electric vehicles on the road by 2030.”

“The electric vehicle market in India is expected to grow at a CAGR of 40% from 2021 to 2028.”

“The Indian electric vehicle market is expected to be worth $150 billion by 2030.”

Below are a few of the top trends that you can expect from this automotive industry in the upcoming years:


In the blog, we have discussed about electric vehicle controllers, their benefits, various types, and the associated terminologies. EV controllers play vital in the electric automotive industry. With the help of EVCs, we are able to achieve a certain level of efficiency and performance within the safety limits. Based on the survey data published by a reputable source, we are expecting the demand for electric vehicle controllers to grow by 50% in the upcoming years. Thus, EVCs are expected to become even more important. 

The industry is poised for remarkable advancements, with continuous innovations in EV charging technology promising even greater efficiency, longer ranges, and enhanced driving experiences. Embrace the shift towards cleaner transportation, and anticipate a future where electric vehicles equipped with cutting-edge EVCs dominate the streets, shaping a greener and more efficient world for all. Stay informed, engage with industry developments, and become a part of the exciting journey towards sustainable mobility.

Join Intellipaat’s Community to catch up with fellow learners and resolve your doubts.

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