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What is Cyber Law? Complete Guide


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What is Cyber Law?

But, what is cyber law? Cyber law deals with the legal aspects of cyberspace, the internet, and computing. In a broader view, cyber law handles the issues of intellectual property, contract, jurisdiction, data protection laws, privacy, and freedom of expression in the digital space.

In addition to regulating the overall internet happenings and crimes, cyber law recognizes popular usages as well; this includes the recognition of e-documents. Earlier, contracts, agreements, or anything of legal nature was done via the paper-and-pen process. With the recognition of e-documents and digital signatures, the world is moving fast toward a paperless future. Since the electronic processes replace the usage of trees, the processes are widely encouraged by several environment enthusiasts as well.

The very first cyber law to exist was the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (1986.) Currently, there are several cyber laws around the world, and the penalties, punishments, and regulations vary to an extent.

Following are the common cyber crimes covered by cyber law around the globe; by understanding the same, you will understand the importance of cyber law.


Types of Cybercrime

DDOS and Botnet
Identity Theft
Social Engineering

The above-mentioned are a few of the many crimes that are identified by cyber law experts around the globe. 

Following is the treatment of cyber law in Indian jurisdiction.


Cyber Law in India: A Brief Understanding

Statistically, over 44,000 cybercrimes happen in India every year, and Karnataka leads the list of states with high cybercrime rates. As per the 2020 Statista report on the average cost of data breaches worldwide 2020, India faced a cost of USD two million for crimes related to a data breach. Elaborate statistics can be read here.

Cyber law in India is treated in both the Indian Penal Code and the Information Technology Act, 2000.

Following are a few of the various cyber crimes dealt with by Indian cyber laws.

In India, the definition of cyber law is divided into two aspects, hacking systems and using the same to commit crimes of varying degrees. Furthermore, the Indian cyber law is an integrated space of arenas including intellectual property rights, privacy rights, and more.

Cyber law in India deals with the following in general. It is to be noted that this is an inclusive list and not an exhaustive one. The same concepts can be dealt with in other jurisdictions around the globe.

Following are the types of cybercrimes and the types of cyber law protections.


When online information is used to harass someone, it is known as stalking.

Harassment and stalking are serious offenses in India that have repercussions in both civil law and criminal law.

Harassment and Stalking
Trade secrets

But, why exactly is cyber law in action against cybercrimes? What are its objectives? The following section will answer the same.

Become a Cyber Security Expert


Objectives of Cyber Law

Lawmakers have executed cyber law legal protections with the following objectives. The following features of cyber law are making the internet a much safer place to explore.

The various advantages of cyber law include the following:

The above-mentioned are a few of the popular aspects of cyber law in India. This is not legal advice. If you require cyber law remedies, contact a lawyer immediately.


How to protect yourself on the Internet



Cyber law is very important to ensure the safety of the digital world, across boundaries. Always ensure that you protect your systems from any cyber attack by being aware of the applicable cyber laws.

Caught up with doubts? Ask them out in our Cyber Security community right away!

The post What is Cyber Law? Complete Guide appeared first on Intellipaat Blog.

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