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What is a Man-in-the-Middle Attack (MITM Attack) ?

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What is a Man in the Middle attack?

Man in the Middle attack (MITM attack) is a type of attack where a site or person collects your or your organization’s data for malicious reasons. Usually, such malicious reasons are inclined toward finance fraud.

With the growth of cyberthreat technologies, other parties impersonate popular sites to gain your trust. After gaining your trust, they eventually access your data.

In this attack, usually, your login credentials and card details, majorly credit card details, are targeted.

The attack is initiated by manipulating network traffic. Network traffic is manipulated by placing attack tools between interactions. Man in the Middle attack tools create a deceivingly similar network. In another methodology, the original interaction network is compromised. By hijacking the network, any existing authentication is removed to access your data.

how Man In The Middle Attack works

Generally, the attack happens on e-commerce sites where providing confidential data, such as residential address and social media login information, is a norm and requirement. Currently, data extraction methodologies in the attacks are automated; by typing any confidential data, the information is automatically reflected in the database of the third party.

As per a recent research done at the Technical University of Berlin, it was found that the authentication and key agreements in wireless technologies have flaws, which could be one of the major reasons why attacks happen more easily.

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Following are common types of MITM attacks.

Common Types of MITM Attacks

The conversation usually hovers around your bank details being compromised by some third party. The conversation is followed by a promissory note that by providing your login information, you can protect your bank account immediately. When you provide your login information to the other party, they will contact your bank, usually impersonating you, stating that they would like to access your account.

Following are the different types of attacks being used at the current time.

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Types of MITM attacks

This means that you might think that the connection is established to the site you chose, but in reality, the other party would have diverted the connection to a place where information can be collected easily. Since the new connection is deceivingly similar to the one chosen by you, it might take a while to find the difference.

For the welfare of the general public, cybersecurity experts generally advise you to avoid free Wi-Fi networks.

But, why?

This is because open Wi-Fi networks are usually traps set by third parties. By connecting to an unsecured Wi-Fi network, your data and credentials can be accessed by third parties more easily.

The above-mentioned are a few of the common types of Man in the Middle attacks that are prevalent in the current times.

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Man in the Middle Attack Tools

Following are the common tools that are used in Man in the Middle attacks.

Man in the Middle Attack Prevention

The following section will help you understand different ways to protect your data from MITM attacks.

You can prevent your data from Man in the Middle attacks to a great extent by implementing the above-mentioned cybersecurity measures. It is to be noted that the above-mentioned are common measures and in case of doubt, it is always advisable to contact cybersecurity experts!


Man in the Middle attack is a common cyberthreat. By understanding what is Man in the Middle attack from the blog, you, by now, know that such attacks happen for malicious reasons only.

The attackers pry on data from those who possess credit cards and shop online regularly. You can protect your data by implementing adequate countermeasures. Since the prevention of Man in the Middle attacks is better than the cure, it is advisable to always be updated on the latest cyberthreats occurring in the industry or organizations around you. In this way, you can mitigate Man in the Middle attacks and protect your data effectively.

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