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Mastering the Art of Electric Vehicle Drawing

This guide on ‘Mastering the Art of Electric Vehicle Drawing’ will break down the different types of electric vehicles, their components, and the diagrams. It will help you grasp the backstory of the electric vehicle mechanism. So let’s uncover the secrets behind capturing the dynamic design lines of Tesla, the elegance of the Nissan LEAF, and more about how these vehicles work and how to get the most out of them. 

Table of Contents

Learn more about electric vehicles by clicking on this video:

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Introduction to Electric Vehicle Drawing

The artistic expression of the sustainable transportation revolution is represented through electric vehicle (EV) drawings and electric car sketches. EV sketches capture electric vehicles’ elegant shapes and advanced components, transforming breakthrough technology into visual creativity. These illustrations reflect the essence of electric cars by highlighting battery settings, aerodynamic designs, and advanced interiors. 

Designers bring the EV revolution to life by thoroughly modeling a future in which electric transportation rules supreme. In the world of art, EV sketching sets the way for a visually stunning and environmentally conscious tomorrow.

If are you fascinated by the term, “Electric Vehicle” and are interested to know more about it, then do check out Intellipaat’s Electric Vehicle Course.

Types of Electric Vehicles Illustrated With Drawings

Let’s take a look at the overview of various electric vehicle types, accompanied by illustrative diagrams. Here are the different types of electric vehicles: 

Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)

An electric car that runs entirely on electricity is referred to as a battery electric vehicle (BEV). It has an electric motor powered by a large battery pack stored under the car’s floor. BEVs are eco-friendly since they have no tailpipe emissions. Compared to conventional gasoline-powered cars, BEVs operate quietly, accelerate smoothly, and need less maintenance.

Example: Tesla Model 3, the Chevrolet Bolt EV, and the Nissan LEAF are some examples of Battery Electric Vehicles.

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)

HEVs, or hybrid electric vehicles, combine a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine with an electric motor. To accelerate and drive at low speeds, the engine receives assistance from the electric motor, reducing fuel consumption and emissions. Regenerative braking is another technique HEVs use to recharge the battery by transforming kinetic energy into electrical energy. Unlike BEVs, HEVs cannot be charged from an external source, as the electric motor is primarily used to supplement the gasoline engine rather than propel the vehicle on its own.

Example: Toyota Prius, the Honda Insight, and the Hyundai Elantra Hybrid are a few examples of Hybrid Electric Vehicles.

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, or PHEVs, are similar to HEVs but with a larger battery and the ability to be charged from an external power source. PHEVs can operate in electric-only mode for a certain range before the internal combustion engine takes over. This enables short commutes and city driving to be completed without using any gasoline, reducing overall emissions and fuel consumption. The vehicle switches to hybrid mode and functions like a traditional hybrid with low battery power. 

Example: Chevrolet Volt and the Toyota Prius Prime are two examples of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles.

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV)

Fuel cell electric vehicles, often known as FCEVs, employ an air-hydrogen fuel cell stack to produce electricity. The only result of this electrochemical reaction, which generates electricity to run an electric motor, is water vapor. FCEVs offer the advantage of quick refueling times compared to battery charging, and they can provide longer driving ranges than many BEVs. However, the production and distribution of hydrogen fuel present challenges, and the availability of hydrogen refueling infrastructure is limited. 

Example: Toyota Mirai and the Hyundai Nexo are some examples of Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles.

Components of Electric Vehicles and Their Diagram

In this section of our blog, we will explore the inner workings of four distinct electric vehicle types: Battery Electric Vehicles, Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles. 

Through detailed drawings and comprehensive explanations, we will help you understand the fundamental components that differentiate these electric vehicle types.

Discover Your Career Path in the Electric Vehicle Industry: Start Your Career Today!

Components of Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)

Below are the components of a Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), along with their diagrams:

Traction Battery Pack
Electric Motor
Power Inverter
Auxiliary Batteries
Thermal System

Components of Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)

Below are the drawings of the components of a Hybrid Electric vehicle:

Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)
Battery Pack
Powertrain Control Unit (PCU)
Regenerative Braking System
Start-Stop System
Fuel Tank

Components of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

Each component of a Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle is listed below:

Charging Port

Components of Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV)

The components of Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles, along with their diagrams, are represented in the following:

Fuel Cell Stack
Hydrogen Tank
Air Compressor

Go through these Electric Vehicle Interview Questions And Answers to excel in your Interview.

Tools for Electric Vehicle Diagram Creation

Below is a list of a few tools that can be used for the creation of an electric vehicle diagram:


In conclusion, we’ve journeyed through the world of electric vehicle drawing, covering key topics like types of Electric vehicles, their components, and how to illustrate them. With this knowledge, you can bring these eco-friendly vehicles to life on paper and join the drive for a cleaner and greener tomorrow. So, pick up your tools, let the creativity flow, and continue strengthening your skills in the exciting world of electric vehicle drawing.

Join the Intellipaat community and post your questions!

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