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Difference between MongoDB and MySQL

So, what is the difference between MongoDB and MySQL? Today, we will be learning just that in this blog.

MongoDB and MySQL both are pretty much in-demand databases for any web application, and both are an important part of Database Management Systems (DBMS). 

Both are strong choices for many businesses but they are ideal for different use cases and support some different features that make them apart from each other. So we will be going to discuss in detail and analyze the various differences between MongoDB and MySQL.

The following are the topics that we will be covering to help you learn more about these two key terms in the world of databases:

Table of Content:

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To start learning about MongoDB vs MySQL, you will first have to know about Database Management Systems. So, here is a quick overview.

DBMS Overview

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What is MongoDB?

What is MongoDB

MongoDB is a unstructured database and what actually it means is that the data is not constructed to the shape of a table.

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What is MySQL?

What is MySQL

MySQL is a client-server model which means that the database typically runs on a server and it leads to the fact that MySQL needs a server. MySQL uses the structured query language or SQL to define, update and query the database.

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Key Similarities between MongoDB and MySQL

You will be surprised to know that there are so many similarities between MongoDB and MySQL, so let’s go ahead and find out some of the similarities.

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MongoDB vs MySQL: The Fundamental Differences

MongoDB is an open-source document-based and NoSQL database, which means the document represents the hierarchical relationship using a single record and there is no schema that defines how the data is stored in databases, this causes a lesser data migration. MySQL is an open-source relational database management system and is used as a structured query language(SQL) which is used for accessing any data stored in any rows or columns. MySQL is developed by Oracle.
MongoDB does not require any functionality or proper definition of a schema. MySQL requires a schema to define the tables in the database. The database administrator is requested to introduce the schema, which defines how different tables are stored in the databases. So the schema is an important part to be remembered in the case of MySQL.
In MongoDB you just need to drop the data in the BSON, JSON documents, the data, and the MongoDB database are stored in a binary format called BSON. MySQL is required to define your tables and columns before storing anything and every row in a table must have the same columns.
In MongoDB, it supports JSON Query Language to work with various data. In the case of MySQL, it uses Structured Query Language(SQL) which is used to perform actions on the database, and also to create new data, retrieve data, add and update data, etc.
MongoDB database can be scaled both vertically and horizontally. Horizontal scaling means scaling by adding more machines to your resources and vertical scaling means scaling by adding more powers like the RAM, CPU, etc. MySQL database can be scaled vertically.
The use cases of MongoDB are content management, mobile applications, IoT, etc. MySQL is Used for legacy applications or applications that require multi-row transactions, like accounting applications, etc.

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MongoDB vs MySQL: Pricing

MongoDB vs MySQL Pricing

MongoDB and MySQL are open-source platforms and it’s free to use, you will get more features and benefits from the paid editions that they offer.

MongoDB- MongoDB offers various plans, free and paid. You can use its free platform deployed on a shared cloud. Here are its three editions:

So, according to the requirements you have, you can choose your option based on the types of cloud, storage, security standards, etc. 

It has three different pricing plans:

Shared: $0/month
Dedicated: Available at $60/month
Serverless: From $0.25/ million

MySQL- It has free editions, apart from it MySQL has different commercial plans:
MySQL Standard Edition: Available at $1600/annum
MySQL Enterprise Edition: Available at $2800/annum
MySQL Cluster CGE: Available at $8000/annum

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I hope you found this blog interesting and it will guide you about the various differences between MongoDB and MySQL.

MongoDB vs MySQL comparison cannot be debated as they are two innately different data management tools but both of them are valuable database solutions and also the most in-demand competitive services for web applications.

Drop any of your queries in our SQL Community and start a discussion.

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