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Types of Electric Vehicles

When it comes to electric vehicles (EVs), the options go well beyond those powered only by batteries.

Car purchasers can now choose from a variety of choices, including those that use fuel cells or combine a gas engine in hybrid and plug-in hybrids.

In this blog, we’ll discuss four varieties of traditional electric vehicles: the standard EV, also known as a Battery-Powered Electric Vehicle (BEV); the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV); the Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), and the Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle(FCEV)

Let’s break it down with all these Contractions.

Let’s first understand;

What is Electric Vehicle?

An electric vehicle (EV) runs on an electric motor rather than an internal-combustion engine that creates power by burning a mixture of gasoline and gases.

As a result, such a vehicle is considered a potential replacement for current-generation automobiles to solve issues such as growing pollution, global warming, decreasing natural resources, and so on.

Though the notion of electric cars has been around for a long time, it has garnered a lot of attention in the last decade due to the growing carbon footprint and other environmental consequences of fuel-powered vehicles.

Watch this video for Electric Vehicle Course,

Table of Contents:

How does an Electric Vehicle work?

Working of Electric Vehicles in Short note:

When the car’s pedal is pressed, the following occurs;

What are the types of Electric Vehicles?

There are four types of Electric Vehicles:

Types of Electric Vehicles

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What is a Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)?

A Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), sometimes known as an All-Electric Vehicle (AEV), is a vehicle that is driven by a battery and an electric drive train. These electric vehicles do not have an IC Engine.

Electricity is stored in a huge battery pack, which is charged by connecting to the power grid. In turn, the battery pack powers one or more electric motors that power the electric vehicle.


Battery Electric Vehicle(BEV)

Main Components of BEV:

Working Principle of Battery Electric Vehicles:

Examples of Battery Electric Vehicles

These are some examples of BEV:

What is a Hybrid Electric Vehicle(HEV)?

This type of hybrid vehicle is also known as a normal hybrid or a parallel hybrid.


Hybrid Electric Vehicle(HEV)

Main Components of HEV:

Working Principle of Hybrid Electric Vehicles:

Examples of Hybrid Electric Vehicles

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What is a Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)?

A PHEV is a hybrid vehicle that has both an ICE and a motor, often known as a series hybrid.

This sort of electric automobile comes with a variety of fuel options. This type of electric vehicle is propelled by a conventional fuel (such as gasoline) or an alternative fuel (such as biodiesel), as well as a rechargeable battery pack.

The battery can be charged by connecting it to an electrical outlet or an electric car charging station (EVCS).

PHEVs normally have at least two modes of operation:

Some PHEVs can go for more than 70 miles solely on electricity.


Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle(PHEV)

Main Components of PHEV

Working Principle of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Examples of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

What is a Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle?

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs), also known as fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) or Zero Emission Vehicles, are electric vehicles that use “Fuel Cell Technology” to create the electricity needed to power the vehicle.

The chemical energy of the gasoline is turned directly into electric energy in this sort of vehicle.


Fuel-Cell Electric Vehicle(FCEV)

Main Components of FCEV

Working Principle of Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle

Examples of Fuel cell Electric Vehicles

Future Scope of Electric Vehicles

Electric cars have great future potential. The charging station is the logical starting point for these cars. However, this is merely the first stage in a potentially long trip that will include charging banks and other industrial sites, as well as homes and cities.

As a result, the future potential of electric cars is enormous.

Electric vehicle technology has been at labs such as NASA since the 1970s. In a few years, current technology will undoubtedly be significantly more sophisticated.

Some predict that electric vehicles will soon be able to fuel themselves by gathering energy from their surroundings. Such cars will require less maintenance and may potentially be powered by renewable energy sources such as wind.


From the first electric vehicle in 1837 to the present, we have witnessed significant developments, mainly in terms of technology, but also in people’s attitudes on the environmental impacts of cars and other mobility solutions.

Although the electric vehicle sector is now a profitable target for Indian corporations and start-ups, numerous challenges must be overcome before EVs are ready for broad adoption.

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