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How an Electric Vehicle Works?

What is an Electric Vehicle?

An electric vehicle is abbreviated as an EV. EVs are cars that are either partially or entirely powered by electricity.

Electric cars have minimal operating expenses since they have fewer moving parts to repair and are also highly beneficial ecologically because they consume little or no fossil fuels (petrol or diesel).

While some EVs employed lead acid or nickel metal hydride batteries, lithium-ion batteries are currently regarded as the norm for modern battery electric cars since they have better durability and are exceptional at storing energy, with a self-discharge rate of just 5% per month.

If you want to understand How electric vehicles Works. You need to be familiar with the physical elements of an Electrical Vehicle, thinking about buying an Electric Vehicle, but wondering whether you’ll sink or swim?… This Electric Vehicle Tutorial Will help you clear your doubts.

Wanna know about Electric Vehicles..!

Table of Contents:

History of Electric Vehicle

Are excited to know the history of the electric Vehicle..!

I know you’re excited

Electric Vehicle was first popularized as a term in the early 1800s, but the electric vehicle has been around much longer.

Here’s a pic of the first Electric Vehicle:

His name: William Morrison

What! Morrison

Yup! In 1870 he was the first human to demonstrate an “Electric Vehicle”

William Morrison of Des Moines, Iowa, invented the first practical electric car in the United States. His automobile is hardly more than an electrified wagon, but it captivates people’s curiosity about electric vehicles.

Now we’re gonna illustrate the Evolution of the Electric Vehicle


It was in 1901: Many inventors were taking note of the electric car’s huge demand and working to enhance the technology. For example, Thomas Edison believed that electric cars were the superior means of transportation and tried to develop a better battery.

After 1983 Electric vehicles already reached their third century as a commercially viable product.

It has been remarkably successful, Come through many other technical innovations that have come and gone.

If are you fascinated by the term, “Electric Vehicle” and are interested to know more about it, then do check out Intellipaat’s Electric Vehicle Course!

Electric Vehicles: How do they Work?

You might be wondering what Principal Electric Vehicles Works

Well, here’s the answer

Electric vehicles operate on the principle of converting electric energy into mechanical energy, which is then utilized to generate kinetic energy and enable vehicle mobility

EVs use an electric motor rather than a traditional gasoline engine. Electric energy, therefore, replaces traditional fuel (petrol/diesel). Electrical energy is converted into mechanical energy by the electric motor.

Working of an Electric Vehicle

Let’s know what Components replace the traditional vehicle Components

In simple terms, an automobile that operates on traditional gasoline (petrol/diesel) has fundamental components such as an engine, gearbox, fuel tank, and so on. The engine in an electric vehicle has been replaced by an electric motor, and the gas tank has been replaced by a battery pack. The transmission stays the same, however, all-electric cars have a simplified gear system.

To understand how an electric car works, consider the following points:

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How does an electric car’s engine work?

As previously stated, an electric motor serves as an engine in electric cars. Car manufacturers often employ AC motors in e-cars, which implies the motor runs on Alternating Current (AC).

The following points describe how an electric motor works.

How does charging work in Electric vehicles?

An electric car has a charging port as well as an inbuilt charger that converts AC electricity to DC. Depending on the model and battery capacity, an all-electric car charger may come with a variety of connections. However, the fundamental premise of charging an environmentally friendly vehicle stays the same.

The process of charging an electric vehicle is similar to that of charging a smartphone. Connect directly to the battery-powered vehicle to an external power source using the cable supplied by the automobile manufacturer.

An EV may be charged by connecting it to an external power source. It might be a domestic power outlet or a separate charging station. EV charging is further classified into three tiers based on the capability of the electrical energy flow.

Level 1 charging: It is just charging an EV using a standard 120-volt power outlet accessible in most homes. You may connect the charger to a power outlet and charge the battery overnight.

Level 2 charging:  it is the most popular form of the public charging station. You can even build a Level 2 charging station at home if the automobile manufacturer allows it. It requires a 240-volt power outlet. Charging time is lowered when compared to 120-volt charging.

Level 3 charging: Rapid chargers or DC fast chargers are used in this system. Fast-charging stations are typically installed in strategic areas by EV manufacturers, and you may be charged to use such charging stations. With fast chargers, charging speed is quick (usually slightly over an hour for a full charge) due to DC power.

However, to use Level 3 charging, your EV must be compatible with rapid charging.

Components of Electric Vehicle

You now have a basic understanding of how an electric car works. Let us now provide a brief overview of the major characteristics and components of an EV. Before we get to the highlights, let’s have a look at some of the most important components of a battery-powered vehicle.

Components of an Electric Vehicle

Features of the Electric Vehicles

Furthermore, the operating costs of an electric automobile are minimal since electrical energy is less expensive than traditional petrol.


The advancements made in the electric car sector in recent years are increasing, but also critical because of rising global greenhouse gas emissions. As illustrated in the economic, social, and environmental analyses parts of this website, the benefits of electric cars greatly outweigh the costs.

Your doubts get resolved on Intellipaat’s Community  Page!

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