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[Call for Inputs] National Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Traffic Management Policy

Blog: NASSCOM Official Blog

Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) released the Discussion Draft of the National Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Traffic Management Policy (UTM Policy) on 30 November 2020. Public consultation on the UTM Policy is open until 30 December 2020.

NASSCOM solicits member inputs on the UTM Policy. Please send your inputs to  latest by 23rd December 2020 to enable NASSCOM to make a timely submission to the MoCA.

The post below gives an overview and a brief analysis of the UTM Policy.

Background and Context:

The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) released the draft Unmanned Aircraft System Rules, 2020 (UAS Rules)  for public consultation on 2 June 2020. NASSCOM submitted its feedback to DGCA in July 2020. The final version of UAS Rules is expected to be released soon.

In a move aimed at creating necessary infrastructure and systems required for UAS operations in India, MoCA has issued Discussion Draft of UTM Policy. UAS Traffic Management systems play a vital role in scaling UAS operations while managing the safety of the airspace. This policy is drafted under the overarching framework of the Draft UAS Rules 2020 and in the unlikely event of any incongruence; the Draft UAS Rules 2020 shall prevail.

Highlights of UTM Policy:

  1. Scope: The policy document focuses on UAS Operations typically below 1000 feet above ground level (AGL) and addresses increasingly complex UAS operations primarily within uncontrolled (Class G) airspace (defined below) and while moving between designated controlled (Class B, C, D and E) airspace and uncontrolled airspace environments. It also introduces UA Operational scenarios that include Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) operations in different classes of airspaces.
  2. Objective: The primary objective of this policy document is to define how various UA Operational Scenarios will be enabled in the low-level airspace using the UTM Ecosystem and the Regulatory System referred to as the DigitalSky Platform. This document captures the interaction of various stakeholders with the DigitalSky Platform. This document will also further identify a vision and a roadmap for enabling future UA operational scenarios in all airspaces while addressing aviation security concerns and measures to mitigate them based on threat and risk assessments.
  3. Roles & Responsibilities: Stakeholders may perform various roles in the UTM Ecosystem. In one scenario they may be creating new information for the UTM Ecosystem whereas in another scenario they may be consuming information generated by other stakeholders. Also, a single stakeholder may perform both types of functions in different scenarios.
  4. UTM Architecture: The UTM Architecture creates an interface to the DigitalSky Platform via various UTM Service Providers and is primarily divided into the following components: DigitalSky Platform, UTM Service Providers, UAS Supplementary Service Providers, UAS and Remote Pilots, Government Stakeholders and General Public. Each component provides specific user interfaces and APIs for stakeholders to interact with the UTM Ecosystem and perform their primary functions while ensuring the safety and security aspects related to UAS Operations in India.
  5. Real-time Identification (RIT) and Tracking of UAS: RIT is the functionality of a UAS to broadcast its identity and location directly in the airspace around itself through various technologies like Bluetooth/Wi-Fi or through the internet by connecting to a UTM Service Provider. The ability to identify and track a UAS flying in the Indian airspace will prove to be a very important capability while enabling high density, complex UAS operations. RIT of the UAS would enable sharing of the identity of the UAS and its location to other airspace owners and people on the ground. This would empower various stakeholders of the UTM Ecosystem by providing situational awareness about UAS. Also, RIT functionality will enable law enforcement agencies to identify and locate UAS.
  6. UTM Operational Scenarios:

-pre-flight safety video

-real-time tracking

-two-way communication capabilities with the passenger(s) for contingencies

-alarm system to alert passengers and uninvolved persons in case of contingencies

-flight path information for the passenger

  1. Development of UTM Business Rules- Provision of UTM service shall be based on common business rules applicable to UTM Service Providers (UTMSPs). Such business rules are required to ensure safety and security of UA operations conducted through UTMSPs and also to ensure safety and security of uninvolved persons and property, thereby reducing the risk of collateral damage to an acceptable level.
  2. UTM Deployment Plan- The density of UAS operations and types of UAS Operations may vary in different geographical locations. Some locations may have a high density of operations whereas other remote locations may not have any operations at all. Also, some UAS operations may be relatively complex in nature due to the technology advancement and special requirements of the business case. Thus, different airspaces may have different levels of UAS traffic management requirements and the deployment plan of UTM services in India would play a key role in effectively managing UAS operations. Three primary strategies are generally considered while planning deployment of UTM systems in any country: ‘Single UTM Per Region Strategy’, ‘Multiple UTMs Per Region Strategy’ and ‘Hybrid Strategy’.

NASSCOM is analysing the UTM Policy in detail. Kindly email your inputs to komal[at]nasscom[dot]in by 23rd  December 2020.


The post [Call for Inputs] National Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Traffic Management Policy appeared first on NASSCOM Community |The Official Community of Indian IT Industry.

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