BPMN Business Management Frameworks Presentations Process Modeling

A Framework for Semantic Business Process Management in E-Government


Nowadays, the increasing complexity in government-related processes presents considerable challenges to achieve satisfactory services. In this study we will discuss the first results obtained in an ongoing project named “e-Government Innovation Center”. We first identify typical semantic problems in e-Government, then introduce an e-Government semantic business process management framework and illustrate the building permit application as an example to strengthen how semantic web technologies could be used to design a new approach for exchanging and performing the processes and information in e-Government.


Zhan Liu,
Anne Le Calvé, Fabian Cretton,
Florian Evéquoz and Elena Mugellini
Institute of Business Information Systems
University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland
HES-SO Valais, Sierre, Switzerland

• Who Are We ?
• Introduction
• Semantic Problems for E-Government in Switzerland
• Semantic Business Process Management in EGovernment
• Framework for Semantic Business Process Management
• Conclusion and Future Research

Who Are We ?
• 70 members of staff

20 Professors
15 Research scientists
27 Research assistants
8 Administrative collaborators
and interns

• 240 projects
– 2012


Turnover in 2012

• CHF 7.243 millions

– Turnover in 2012

Consulting services

Our Core Competencies




Cloud Computing
Data Intelligence
Ergonomy, Usability
Intelligent Agents
Internet of Things
Medical Information
Semantic Web
Software Engineering

• New challenges in today’s government issues
•  Business Process Management
•  + Semantic Web Technologies

• Switzerland: a special case
» Small, But…

Very diversified (26 cantons and 2,551 communes)
Higher level of freedom to make decisions independently
Four national languages (German, French, Italian, Romansh)
International organizations and foreigners

However, little is known about the possible integrations of
semantic web technologies in business process management in

Research Question

How could semantic web technology improve business
processes management in an e-Government context in
Switzerland ?

Semantic Problems
1. the way information is presented and accessed
2. the inconsistencies of semantic information among different
3. poor Change Management in e-government business
4. poor Process Management

E-Government in CH
• In early 2007, the Swiss Federal Council adopted a national
e-Government strategy.
– “Framework Agreement”; “eCH white paper”

• Centers of expertise for e-Government in Switzerland
– E.g., eCH, BUAS, etc.

• Official web portal, “national gateway”: www.ch.ch
– Five languages: DE, FR, IT, RO and EN
– However, not widely used by the public

E-Government in CH – cont.
• Now Switzerland adopts the uniform standard business
process modeling notation (BPMN) version 2.0
• What is BPMN?
• From Business Process Management (BPM) to Semantic
Business Process Management (SBPM)

Framework for Semantic Business
Process Management

An Example: Application of
Building Permit

Regulations: 7-page file

An Example: Application of
Building Permit

An Example: Application of
Building Permit

• Most important layer
– Simplify complex information of laws and regulations into common
practical terms
– Map the knowledge between domain field and data field
– Serve as a common source
Future work: create process ontologies

An Example: Application of
Building Permit

Conclusion and Future
• Identified four possible semantic problems in the eGovernment in Switzerland
• Presented a framework that integrates semantic web
technology in BPMN in e-Government
• Future work required on the BPMN in e-Government by
creating new process ontologies in the semantic layer

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